Presently there is no guaranteed cure for MERS-CoV infection but the available vaccine is being worked out by the US National Institutes of Health. Physicians are trying to provide supportive medical care to victims of the virus attack including preventing serious complications such as organ failure and pneumonia. They may be put in ICU, or receive oxygen support or intravenous fluids.
In terms of treatment, relieving symptoms are followed like rest, pain relievers, oxygen therapy and fluids. To lower the risk of infection, good health and hygiene practices are suggested.
Health experts suggest monitoring of one’s health every day to ensure not to have MERS symptoms. Coming in close contact with people who are at high risk is also barred. Apart from these, it is said to disinfect doorknobs and other toched surfaces regularly and avoid touching one’s moth, face and nose.
It is suggested to wash hands vigorously with soap and water for more than twenty seconds and not to share utensils with other sick people. Simultaneously need to follow food hygiene practices and also avoid taking either camel meat or camel milk.
The caregivers should take extra precaution and perform frequent hand hygiene. They should also were face mask if involved in direct care of patients.
In general one cannot be considered to be at risk for the infection of new disease if not been in close contact to someone who has been diagnosed for MERS-CoV infection. It is not true that passing someone is risky.
Even after about three years no vaccine specifically for MERS treatment has been developed. The sick are just placed in ICU and is thereafter treated based on the symptoms.
As of now the best treatment to check the spread of MERS is to identify one who is sick and then isolating him or her so that coming in close contact to others can be avoided.